- grammar : a word or group of words that is used with a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object.
Around the corner Around the corner is my house.
At 10 tonight At 10 tonight, we will see fireworks.
Through the window Through the window, I see my dog.
Across the street My friend lives across the street.
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Prepositions are used to link nouns and pronouns to other words within a sentence. The words that prepositions are linked to are called objects.
Usually prepositions show a spatial or temporal relationship between the noun and the object, like in the example below:
The cat is under the table.
Cat is the noun. Under is the preposition. Table is the object.
Here is a list with the most common prepositions: about, above, after, among, around, along, at, before, behind, beneath, beside, between, by, down, from, in, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, over, through, to, up, upon, under, and with.
Notice that you can also have a prepositional phrase, which is formed by the preposition and its object. A prepositional phrase indicates direction or location. A prepositional phrase can function as an adverb, adjective or noun. For example:
The dog was running under the rain.
The prepositional phrase “under the rain” acts as an adverb, specifying where the dog was running.